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Clopper, E. N. (1908). [Pamphlet]. Child labor in West Virginia (no. 86). Harvard University.

Company Towns. Slavery by Another Name.

Even the Heavens Weep . (1985). [Transcripts of interviews]. Labor (Box 8). West Virginia Archives & History, Charleston, WV.

Hapgood, P. (1922) In Non-union Mines: The Diary of a Coal Digger in Central Pennsylvania, August-September, 1921. Bureau of Industrial Research. 

Keeney, C. B. (2018, February 26). The Battle of Blair Mountain is Still Being Waged. The Cultural Landscape Foundation.

Nida, B. (2013).Demystifying the Hidden Hand: Capital and the State at Blair Mountain. Historical Archaeology, 47(3), 52-68. Retrieved May 7, 2021, from

Obenauer, M. (1924). Living Conditions among Coal Mine Workers of the United States. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 111, 12-23.

Savage, L. (1990). Thunder in the Mountains: The West Virginia Mine War, 1920-21. University of Pittsburgh Press.

Soodalter, R. (2020, Winter). Showdown at Blair Mountain. MHQ : The Quarterly Journal of Military History, 32, 56-65.

United Mine Workers of America (1926). Four hundred native born American mothers, wives and daughters tell why they are fighting for the miners’ union in Northern West Virginia [Pamphlet]. Printed Ephemera Collection (P9980). West Virginia & Regional History Center, Morgantown, WV.

Wagner, T. E., Obermiller, P. J., & Brunn, Stanley D. (2011). In A Double-Edged Sword: Social Control in Appalachian Company Towns (pp. 1917–1935). Essay.

Women in the Mine Towns. American Experience.

This project was researched and created by Erin Huffman, Chloe Snodgrass, and Cassidy Southern as part of a collaboration between Dr. Erin Brock Carlson’s Multimedia Writing (ENGL 303) course and Dr. Miriam Cady and the West Virginia and Regional History Center in Spring 2021.